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Friday, November 23, 2012

PAPER PRODUCTION


Australian Paper



Criteria:
Pros (advantages)
Cons (disadvantages)
Clever Processes - paper making
·       To reduce the amount of paper waste generated by offices;
·       To reduce the demand for paper made from virgin wood fibre;
·       To save our Planet Earth from Global Warming and Greenhouse Effect;
·       To stop deforestation and to save our forest reserves.
·       Causes pollution
·       Consumes energy
·       Consumes water
·       Produces waste
·       Biodegrading difficulties


Recycled paper can be turned into new paper so new trees don't have to be cut down which could save wildlife.
To make new paper it damages the ozone and pollutes the very air we breathe. 
1. materials/resources (e.g. wood - amount/volume required to make paper)
Manufacture and distribute 1 million tonnes of paper and pulp.
Wood is a sustainable resource with very low carbon emissions.




2. Process treatment of raw materials (e.g. forming, pressing, drying paper)
To form paper the pulp flows onto a continuous moving plastic mesh screen.
Pressing is the process where water is extracted from the pulp.
Drying is where the sheet moves onto a series of drying rollers.




3. Bleaching (required to make white paper)
Elemental chlorine bleaches.
Minimised the use of chlorine based compounds.




4. Output (what is produced)
High quality office reflex paper.
30 tonne roll.





5. Testing (for fibre concentration, roughness etc.)

Fibre orientation, strength, roughness, moisture content and brightness.




Clever Products





6. Marketing AP products, ordering & delivery
Efficient, flexible and experienced sales teams provide customers quality, value and a range of products.
Speed to where orders can be processed and delivered.




7. Sourcing paper
Saw mill residue from housing and furniture industries.
Waste paper recovered from kerbside collection or purchased from industrial recycling operators.
From certified forest sources.
Expert technical staff.
Products can be developed to suit specific end applications.
Paper for high strength packaging products.
Replacing twice the amount of seedlings each year.



8. Speciality papers
Registered watermarks, sensitised security grades, coloured, embossed and a broad range of fine writing papers.
Quality brand products.




Clever Supply and Logistics





9. Production, scheduling, ordering
Accurately co-ordinating production and shipment.




10. Shipment, delivery times
Ship any order within a very tight time frame.
38 tonnes of reflex Ultra white over a 24hour period.
Cost.



11. Overseas sales
PAPER PRODUCTS MARKETING GROUP  located around the globe like Hong Kong-China, Kuala Lumpur-Malaysia, Taipei-Taiwan, Singapore and the head office in Melbourne-Australia co-ordinate to more than 100 ports located in 65 countries like Neuss (Dusseldorf) – Germany and Portland Oregon-USA.




Clever Use of Resources /





12. Renewable energy
Australian Paper Maryvale Victoria’s Largest Industrial Renewable Energy Generator producing more than 50% of its own energy needs.
Lignin is used as a fuel to produce steam which in turn generates power.




13. Water use/recycling
Forefront of water conservation initiatives. 15% of recycled water purchased which lowers resources used to produce each tonne of paper.
Percentage ratio could be higher.



14. Recycling of fibre resources
White liquor components for reuse in the pulping process and water continually recycled.




Clever Sustainability Management





15. Environmental, social and economic sustainability
Positive effect on social, economic and environmental outcomes for communities.
New opportunities for growth and security.




16. Certification and currency
ISO 14001
Forestry Chain of Custody Certification
(FSC) (PEFC)




17. Carbon Neutral paper
Government certified carbon neutral paper.




Our Future





18. Future trends and requirements
Clever improvement in fibre sourcing policies, Latest technology allowing extraction of maximum value for resources with newer and better products.




Anything else you can think of?
People need paper products and we need sustainable, environmentally safe production.
The production and use of paper has a number of adverse effects on the environment



19. other polluters

Pulp mills contribute to air, water and land pollution.


Worldwide, the pulp and paper industry is the fifth largest consumer of energy, accounting for four precent of the entire world's energy use. The pulp and paper industry uses more water to produce a ton of product than any other industry.
20. WATER AND AIR POLLUTION
The United States Environmental Protection Agency‎ (EPA) has found that recycling causes 35% less water pollution and 74% less air pollution than making virgin paper. Pulp mills can be sources of both air and water pollution, especially if they are producing bleached pulp. Modern mills produce considerably less pollution than those of a few decades ago. Recycling paper decreases the demand for virgin pulp and thus reduces the overall amount of air and water pollution associated with paper manufacture. Recycled pulp can be bleached with the same chemicals used to bleach virgin pulp, but hydrogen peroxide and sodium hydrosulphite are the most common bleaching agents. Recycled pulp, or paper made from it, is known as PCF (process chlorine free) if no chlorine-containing compounds were used in the recycling process. However, recycling mills may have polluting by-products, such as sludge. De-inking at Cross Pointe's Miami, Ohio mill results in sludge weighing 22% of the weight of wastepaper recycled.










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